Airwar over Denmark

Airwar over Denmark

 By Søren C. Flensted


1939-1940 Updated 12/2-23
1941 Updated 28/4-22
1942 Updated 17/8-23
1943 Updated 18/8-23
1944 Updated 24/11-23
1945 Updated 4/12-22

1940 New 30/11-23
1941 New 23/7-21
1942 Updated 27/10-23
1943 Updated 28/1-23
1944 Updated 23/7-23
1945 Updated 16/7-23

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Attack on the Gestapo Headquarter “Shell house” 21/3 1945.

The Gestapo in Denmark had hit the resistance on the island of Sjælland heavily and the Danish underground movement asked the SOE to have the Gestapo headquarter in København bombed to have the Gestapo files on the resistance workers destroyed.
A major problem was that the Gestapo held a number of resistance workers in prison on the top floor of the Shell house building.

It was decided to send 18 Mosquito bombers and two photo planes to København with an escort of 28 Mustangs. The attack itself was a success. The Headquarter was more or less destroyed.

On April 1st 1945 a German report states that 20 men and 8 women working for the Gestapo as well as two Wehrmacht soldiers had been killed and 26 men and 24 women were missing. 14 men and 16 women were severely wounded while 34 persons were lightly wounded.
There were 26 resistance workers in the building during the attack, 18 of who survived. Of these some managed to escape and some were transferred to Vestre Fængsel prison after the attack.
A catastrophe however happened when a Mosquito crashed in the nearby French School. Some other Mosquito’s dropped their bomb load on the crashed aircraft believing that the fire and smoke came from the Shell house. 123 civilian died, 87 of who were children.

Three Mosquito’s and two Mustangs were lost.


                                   (Ege via Helme)

A Mustang over Copenhagen 21/3 1945.

Sources: UA, LBUK.


Attack on the Gestapo Headquarter “Shell house” 21/3 1945:

Mosquito FB VI SZ977 crashed København 21/3 1945

Mustang III HK460 crashed in Fælledparken, København 21/3 1945

Mosquito FBIV RS609 ditched in the sea of Kattegat 21/3 1945

Mosquito FB VI NT123 ditched in Øresund 21/3 1945

Mosquito FB VI SZ999 crashed in Nyrup Bay 21/3 1945

Mustang III KH446 crash landed Lønborg 21/3 1945


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